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10 Animals That Exist In 1 Specimen Only

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10 Animals That Exist In 1 Specimen Only

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10 Animals That Exist In 1 Specimen Only
Is not easy being a biologist, especially during the infancy of the science. Back in the day, biologists
literally scour the world to find new specimens of animals to study and describe. Most of the time, they
need more than one specimen of each specie to fully get to know them, but sometimes nature isnt so
giving. In todays list, Ill introduce you to some animals that we only know of because of just one
example. Number is extremely rare and mysterious; scientists dont even know where it came from so
stay tuned to find out more. Here are 10 Animals That Exist In 1 Specimen Only.

Number 10. The Nechisar Nightjar
We start things off with something really special. Because this bird isnt even known for having one
specimen, all we have of the existence of this bird is a solitary wing. And was it found while exploring
uncharted regions of the earth? Nope, it was literally road kill, found by the side of a road, probably hit
by a car. The wing was taken from the decomposing body and brought to the Natural History Museum in
London.
Judging by the size of the wing, the unlucky bird could either have been a female or a juvenile male. The
bird is believed to be endemic to the Nechisar plains in Ethiopia, where it was found. The National Park
the plains are situated in are no longer protected the way they were in the 1980s and early 1990s, and
illegal settlers in the area actually caused a fire that resulted in severe damage to the habitat in 1998,
making finding a live specimen of the bird highly unlikely.
However, just recently, a very similar looking bird was reported to be seen in the area. Many think that
it could be the elusive Nechisar Nightjar, despite the fact that the only evidence of its existence so far is
a single wing, and a bunch of blurry photos.

Number 9. The Golden Mole
There are actually 21 species of golden mole, all of which are extremely rare and highly endangered.
However, we are only going to focus on two of them, one of which has been only seen once, and the
other, well, lets just say for now that the only specimen of this species was found in vomit, literally.
First, we have Visagies golden mole. Only one specimen was found of this species back in 1950s in an
estate in Gouna, South Africa. Many explorations in the area has since been done, but no other
specimens of it was found.
Next we have the Somali golden mole. Now, when I said earlier that this specimen was found in vomit, i
wasnt joking. The only remains found of this animal was a partial skeleton found in an owl pellet in
1964. For those of you who dont know, owl pellets are undigested food that owls vomit out
periodically.
Since not another one of both species has been found in decades, both are now thought of to be extinct.

Number 8. The Delcourts Giant Gecko

At 2 feet long, the Delcourts Giant Gecko is recognized as the worlds largest gecko, despite the fact
that the only proof of its existence is one incomplete taxidermy mount. It was first recognized as a new
species in 1986 and was named after a herpetologist at The Marseille Museum of Natural History, where
it was on public display. It actually was in the possession of the museum for almost a century before the
said herpetologist Alain Delcourt, took serious interest in the specimen.
Scientists agreed its point of origin was Pacific. As the mount was in a French museum, New Caledonia
was first suggested as the geckos habitat. However, its resemblance to the brown forest gecko makes
New Zealand a more likely country of origin.
The giant gecko bears a remarkable resemblance to the kawekaweau of Maori folklore, which was said
to be about 2 feet long, as thick as a mans wrist, and a rusty brown color. According to local folklore,
these giant reptiles were said to be omens of death.

Number 7. The New Ireland Stingaree
Its kind of funny that this next animal on our list actually has more names than the number of its known
specimens. The New Ireland stingaree, also known as the black-spotted stingaree, is known to science
only from a juvenile male found in the Bismarck Archipelago of New Ireland, Papua New Guinea during
an expedition between 1822 to 1825.
The creature was taken to a museum in Paris but was only fully described in 1841. For almost two
centuries now, scientists have requested any further specimens caught should be donated to museums,
but none have yet to turn up.
It is not known if the fish is extinct or if its habitat requirements are within a very narrow geographic
range. If it is extinct, it is not through overfishing as there is little fishing activity in its locality

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