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6 Animals with Extraordinary Adaptations to Cave Life

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 Biology   |   Environmental   |   Geology   |   Science
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Living in a cave isn’t easy, but these six cave-dwelling animals have gained some amazing traits to help them survive there!

Hosted by: Michael Aranda

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Sources:
Cave fish:
https://ac.els-cdn.com/S0012160600901210/1-s2.0-S0012160600901210-main.pdf?_tid=14f4fbb7-0830-4917-ac21-3656f31a26cb&acdnat=1534876966_c037b6effb5d5ad208233005be3b8e07 [PDF]
http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1399&context=ijs [PDF]
http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.534.644&rep=rep1&type=pdf [PDF]
http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/1/8/e1500363

Whip spider:
https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1056&context=bioscihebets
http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1636/J15-04?journalCode=arac&
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/eth.12647

Glow-worm:
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0162687
https://www.jstor.org/stable/3227116?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
https://phys.org/news/2016-12-zealand-glowworms-sticky-fishing-lines.html
https://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12864-015-2006-2

Cave crickets:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/cne.22138
http://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/1/2/140240
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0944200608000743
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0047646

Cave salamander:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0376635798000023
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/237154125_Role_of_chemical_communication_and_behavioural_interactions_among_conspecifics_in_the_choice_of_shelters_by_the_cave-dwelling_salamander_Proteus_anguinus_Caudata_Proteidae
http://www.devonkarst.org.uk/Proteus%20Project/A%20black%20non-troglomorphic%20amphibian%20from%20karst%20of%20Slovenia%20Proteus%20anguinus%20parkelj%20n.ssp..pdf
http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/z99-198#.W5Ftj5M2rq0
http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/7/1/105
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0182209

Cave beetle:
http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1490&context=ijs
http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1491&context=ijs
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4533066/

Images:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Titanophyllum_spiliarum.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Astyanax_mexicanus_01.jpg
https://www.flickr.com/photos/nihgov/27589386037
http://www.kennychapin.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/site-1.mp4
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nz_glowworm.jpeg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Green_Glow_Caves_in_New_Zealand_(6563152219).jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Arachnocampa_luminosa_larvae.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Malphigian_tubules_of_a_dissected_cockroach.tif
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:An_elementary_manual_of_New_Zealand_entomology_(Frontispiece)_(6809652328).jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ceuthophiluscricket.jpg
https://www.flickr.com/photos/52450054@N04/8478162213
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Troglophilus_neglectus-Subgenual_organ_and_nerves.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:InsectLeg.png
https://www.flickr.com/photos/naturenps/24670950605
https://www.flickr.com/photos/ideonexus/2962444965
https://www.flickr.com/photos/globuloblanco/33755905584
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Proteus_anguinus_Postojnska_Jama_Slovenija.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:RIJETKE_%C5%BDIVOTINJE_U_NP_UNA.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Leptodirus_hochenwartii.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Leptodirus.JPG
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ren%C3%A9_Jeannel,_R%C3%A9vision_des_Bathysciinae_-Leptodirus_74.jpg

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