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Are Vampires Real? Of Course Not, But . . .

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Check out Monstrum: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCO6nDCimkF79NZRRb8YiDcA

Halloween season wouldnt be what it is without the undead. This week on Reactions, we unpack the chemistry that may have inspired one of our favorites: the vampire. When you think vampire some of todays most popular vampires might come to mind. Attractive bloodsuckers with pale, sometimes sparkling skin. But in the 18th and 19th centuries, when European vampire lore first really took off, they were a bit more...morose and, instead of that crystal-clear skin, they appeared kind of sickly with a reddish complexion. Vampires were often depicted as men from poor, rural areas, who, after dying--often from diseases like the plague--would emerge from their coffins to wreak havoc on a nearby town, sucking the blood of humans, turning them into vampires as well. So how did this folklore come about? Possibly...disease.



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Credits:
Producer: Elaine Seward
Writer: Samantha Jones, Ph.D.
Scientific Consultants: Scott Norton, Ph.D. Rodney Willoughby, Ph.D. Kristin Omberg, Ph.D., Hans Plugge, Ph.D., Leila Duman, PhD Brianne Raccor, PhD

Executive Producer: George Zaidan
Production Manager: Hilary Hudson

Music:


Sources:
Immunity of fleas
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0145305X19300746?via%3Dihub

Fleas and plague
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8993858

Plague history
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2194748/

Fleas and potential for bioterrorism
https://www.eurosurveillance.org/content/10.2807/esm.09.12.00501-en

Lyme borreliosis
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5539539/

Medicinal leeches
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21206115

Clinical use of leeches
http://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=2011;volume=57;issue=1;spage=65;epage=71;aulast=Porshinsky#ref2

Bed bugs and pathogens
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27295087

Bed bug pheromones
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/anie.201409890

Vampire bats and rabies
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24784570

The vampire in medical perspective: myth or malady?
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/107/11/945/2890493

Rabies and vampire lore
https://n.neurology.org/content/51/3/856

Tick saliva
https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.0050043

Hydrophobia and rabies
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293146/


Ever wonder why dogs sniff each others' butts? Or how Adderall works? Or whether it's OK to pee in the pool? We've got you covered: Reactions a web series about the chemistry that surrounds you every day.

Produced by the American Chemical Society. Join the American Chemical Society! http://bit.ly/Join_acsmembership

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