Our skulls are all unique, but they also share characteristics across groups of people. Scientists can use this information to learn a lot about the previous "owner" of the skull.
Why We Can't Always Trust DNA Evidence - https://youtu.be/601U11FH6iE
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Determination of Race from the Skeleton through Forensic Anthropological Methods.
"Included are several studies which examine cranial morphological techniques such as presence of the oval window of the inner ear, which occurs more frequently in Whites than in Native Americans; or the shape of the alveolar region which distinguishes between Asian, African, and North American Indian groups."
Combined radiographic and anthropological approaches to victim identification of partially decomposed or skeletal remains
"Victim identification is the priority in any scenario involving the discovery of single or multiple human remains for both humanitarian and legal reasons. Such remains may be incomplete and in various stages of decomposition. In such scenarios radiography contributes to both primary and secondary methods of identification; the comparison of ante-mortem dental radiographs to post-mortem findings is a primary identification method whereas the analysis of post-mortem skeletal radiographs to help create a biological profile and identify other individuating features is a secondary method of identification."
Face of Man Brutally Murdered 1,400 Years Ago Reconstructed
"Black and her team first scanned the skull with a 3D laser scanner and reconstructed it in the computer. Then they added tissue depth pegs and the anatomical muscular structure. 'Artificial skin was then overlaid in the computer and then the resulting surface textured,' Black told Seeker."
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