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How does this SSD store 8TB of Data? || Inside the Engineering of Solid-State Drive Architecture

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Channel: Branch Education
Categories: Computer Science   |   Science   |   Technology  
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Description

Imagine storing every single video, movie, and picture you have ever seen in your entire life on a single solid-state drive. Well, these high-end solid-state drives [30TB] can do that. But how can SSDs organize so much information? Well in this video we answer that question, and we go over the logistics involved in storing terabytes of data.

This video is sponsored by KIOXIA. Visit KIOXIA's website to see their lineup of solid-state drives:
www.kioxia.com

Do you want to support in-depth engineering and technology education? Support us on Patreon: www.patreon.com/brancheducation

This video is part of a series that intends to thoroughly explain how SSDs, and more specifically how 3D NAND works. These are the episodes in the series:
1) Organization of Blocks, Pages, and Memory Cells: https://youtu.be/5Mh3o886qpg
2) How is information written to a memory cell? https://youtu.be/5f2xOxRGKqk
3) How is information read from a cell? https://youtu.be/YtBysgPOKx4

Website: www.branch.education
Script, Modelling, Animation, Editing- Teddy Tablante
Twitter: @teddytablante
Voice Over- Phil Lee

Table of Contents:
00:00 - Visualizing an 8TB SSD
01:25 - Flash NAND Microchips
02:59 - SSD Controller
03:38 - Memory Channel
04:22 - Example of Reading or Writing a File
05:38 - Sectors of Memory
05:58 - Translation Table
06:57 - Super Page & Super Blocks
08:16 - Other Videos on SSDs
08:37 - Sponsored Segment
09:16 - Thank You to our Patreon & YouTube Membership Sponsors.

Key Branches from this video are: Microchips, CPUs, Integrated Circuits, the other SSD videos

Erratum:

Animation built using Blender 2.90.1 https://www.blender.org/
Post with Adobe Premiere Pro

Book References:
Aritome, Seiichi. (2015). NAND flash memory technologies. IEEE Press Series on Microelectronic Systems. Wiley. [2nd most useful resource]

Cai, Yu et al. (2013) Threshold Voltage Distribution in MLC NAND Flash Memory: Characterization Analysis, and Modeling. 2013 Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conference & Exhibition. IEEE.

Micheloni, Rino. Marelli, Alessia. Eshghi, Kam. (2018) Inside solid state drives (SSDs) Second edition. Springer Series in Advanced Microelectronics Volume 37. Springer. [Most useful resource]

Micheloni, Rino. (2017) Solid-state-drives (SSDs) Modeling, Simulation tools & strategies. Springer Series in Advanced Microelectronics Volume 58. Springer

Micheloni, Rino (2016) 3D flash memories. Springer.

Pierret, Robert F. (1996) Semiconductor Device Fundamentals. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.

Prince, Betty. (2014) Vertical 3D Memory Technologies. Wiley

Internet References:
Crisp, Simon. (29/01/2018) Samsung SSD860 PRO 4TB SSD Review. Kitguru.net
https://www.kitguru.net/components/ssd-drives/simon-crisp/samsung-ssd860-pro-4tb-ssd-review/all/1/ (Accessed 07/05/2020)

KIOXIA, Business Products, Enterprise SSD. https://business.kioxia.com/en-us/ssd/enterprise-ssd.html (Accessed09/30/2020)

Mellor, Chris. (28/07/2016) QLC flash istricky stuff to make and use, so here's a primer. TheRegister.co.uk
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/07/28/qlc_flash_primer/ (Accessed 07/05/2020)

Samsung Website. Samsung 1TB Details and Specifications www.samsung.com
https://www.samsung.com/us/computing/memory-storage/solid-state-drives/ssd-860-evo-2-5--sata-iii-1tb-mz-76e1t0b-am/ (Accessed 07/05/2020)

Samsung Newsroom, Korea. (08/06/2019) Samsung Electronics Takes 3D Memory to New Heights with Sixth-Generation V-NAND SSDs for Client Computing. News.samsung.com
https://news.samsung.com/global/samsung-electronics-takes-3d-memory-to-new-heights-with-sixth-generation-v-nand-ssds-for-client-computing (Accessed 07/05/2020)

Samsung Newsroom, Korea. (07/08/2018) Samsung Electronics Starts Mass Production of Industry's First 4-bit Consumer SSD. News.Samsung.com
https://news.samsung.com/global/samsung-electronics-starts-mass-production-of-industrys-first-4-bit-consumer-ssd (Accessed 07/05/2020)

Shah, Dhiram. (27/02/2019) Samsung Begins Mass Production of Frist 512 GB eUFS3.0 for Next-Generation Mobile Devices. Fareastgizmos.com
https://fareastgizmos.com/smartphone/samsung-begins-mass-production-of-first-512gb-eufs-3-0-for-next-generation-mobile-devices.php (Accessed 07/05/2020)

Wikipedia contributors. "Charge Trap Flash." "Flash Memory." "Floating-gate Mosfet." "Samsung Electronics." "Solid-State drive." "Solid-state storage." "Three-dimensional integrated circuit." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, Visited May, 2020

Yoon, Alex. (15/02/2018) Understanding Memory, An inside look at different memory types and how they work. Semiengineering.com
https://semiengineering.com/whats-really-happening-inside-memory/ (Accessed 07/05/2020)

#SSD #FLASH #3DNAND

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