The Indian Space Research Organization's Chandrayaan-1 was the first to discover water on the moon, and with the Chandrayaan-2, they could be the first to explore the surface on the Moon's south pole. These future discoveries could reveal the evolution of our solar system and beyond.
The Race to the Moons South Pole Is On, But Who Will Get There First?
Chandrayaan-2 India's Big Step in Lunar Exploration
"Developed entirely in India, this mission represents a number of technological firsts for the space agency: the heaviest interplanetary launch mass at about 3,890 kilograms (8,580 pounds), the first Indian soft landing, and the first-ever lunar south pole landing."
Water on the Moon
"Evidence for surface water came from the Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) experiment on Chandrayaan-1. Initially it showed the presence of water on the sunlit side using water/ice spectral signature (2- 2.5 microns) in the reflected sunlight."
Why the moon's south pole may be the hottest destination in space
"At the south pole, most of those icy deposits are inside the dark recesses of craters, including Shackleton, where the temperature never rises above -250 degrees Fahrenheit."
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