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Snippet: 5-month time lapse of Mt. Kiluaea's summit collapse

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 Environmental   |   Geology   |   Science
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Description

The time lapse covers 5 months, followed by some nice flowing lava shots

Read the paper: http://science.sciencemag.org/content/early/2019/01/15/science.aav7046

ABSTRACT
In 2018, Kīlauea Volcano experienced its largest lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) eruption and caldera collapse in at least 200 years. After collapse of the Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō vent on 30 April, magma propagated downrift. Eruptive fissures opened in the LERZ on 3 May, eventually extending ~6.8 km. A 4 May earthquake (M6.9) produced ~5 m of fault slip. Lava erupted at rates exceeding 100 m3/s, eventually covering 35.5 km2. The summit magma system partially drained, producing minor explosions and near-daily collapses releasing energy equivalent to M4.7-M5.4 earthquakes. Activity declined rapidly on 4 August. Summit collapse and lava flow volume estimates are roughly equivalent—about 0.8 km3. Careful historical observation and monitoring of Kīlauea enabled successful forecasting of hazardous events.

About Science Snippets:

These videos are short snippets from researchers' work—often videos actually used as data in a study or to demonstrate results in a paper. For context or additional explanation, check paper links and credits.

citation
C. Neal et al., Science 2019
DOI: 10.1126/science.aav7046

research footage
U.S. Geological Survey

music
C. Burns/Science

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