KidzTube
Welcome
Login / Register

The Great Snake Debate

Thanks! Share it with your friends!

URL

You disliked this video. Thanks for the feedback!

Sorry, only registred users can create playlists.
URL


 Archeology / Paleontology   |   Biology   |   Science
 Find Related Videos  added
138 Views

Description

90 million years ago, an ancient snake known as Najash had...legs. It is by no means the only snake to have limbs either. But what’s even stranger: we’re not at all sure where it came from.

Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios

Want to follow Eons elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/eonsshow
Twitter - https://twitter.com/eonsshow
Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/eonsshow/

References:
http://www.wienslab.com/Publications_files/Wiens_et_al_Evolution_2006.pdf
Locomotion in sea snakes: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1420-9101.2001.00265.x/pdf
Ear bones in mammals: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3552421/
Skinks: https://www.livescience.com/3053-evolution-action-lizards-losing-limbs.html
Pachyrhachis lifestyle: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08912969909386578
Snake defining features: https://www.ucl.ac.uk/museums-static/obl4he/vertebratediversity/serpentes_snakes.html
Hsiang & Field 2015 Summary: https://blogs.biomedcentral.com/bmcseriesblog/2015/05/20/limbless-triumph-origin-diversification-snakes/
2012: Zaher at al. think Dinylisia is a sister taxon to all extant snakes: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2011.00755.x/abstract
2015 news story on Tetrapodophis: https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/07/four-legged-snake-fossil-stuns-scientists-and-ignites-controversy
Another 2015 story on Tetrapodophis: http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/2015/07/23/a-fossil-snake-with-four-legs/
2015 news story on Eophis: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/remarkable-fossils-push-back-snake-origins-by-65-million-years/
2017 thesis on mosasaurs that makes it quite clear that there’s still quite a bit unresolved in the evolutionary relationships: https://era.library.ualberta.ca/files/c4x51hj54w#.WiXVU9WnG3A
varanids (monitor lizards): http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Varanidae/
Coniophis (65 million years young): https://news.yale.edu/2012/07/25/few-bones-most-primitive-snake-emerges
Toxicofera paper: https://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2148-13-93#Sec2
See the "Bitter Realities about Squamate Phylogeny" section on this page: https://www.geol.umd.edu/~jmerck/geol431/lectures/17blepidosauria.html
Tetrapodophis actually aquatic?, paper proposes: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0195667116301094
2013 paper w/the 4000 species: https://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2148-13-93#Sec2
file:///home/chronos/u-e54db2a63a5b8e4345d3372e31d0632282c76ec5/Downloads/apestiguiazaher_nature06-0001.pdf
https://www.nature.com/articles/nature04413
2017: Norisophis http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0195667116302014
Nidophis: http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1080/02724634.2013.764882
Coniophis: https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/first-prehistoric-snake-slithered-out-on-land-not-at-sea/
https://www.livescience.com/27845-snakes.html
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0195667116301094
https://www.ucl.ac.uk/museums-static/obl4he/vertebratediversity/serpentes_snakes.html
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3552421/
https://watermark.silverchair.com/j.1096-3642.2009.00511.x.pdf?token=AQECAHi208BE49Ooan9kkhW_Ercy7Dm3ZL_9Cf3qfKAc485ysgAAAdAwggHMBgkqhkiG9w0BBwagggG9MIIBuQIBADCCAbIGCSqGSIb3DQEHATAeBglghkgBZQMEAS4wEQQMRzwNfprt0x5FaRYBAgEQgIIBg6jXei7ktTZ6OT9JEIBHqHcP6NWoN8ZQ3V8_8f66h9XGJCbZJFE-HpZlZe3ABqOsTfbKwzTP81PkIXEWg8HsNOPU_tmhudWMaIfEgvXSQmB4qvJzcsn3yORkxFW6-X3qxh59JsBP-Na4UvRKMOKFUckpX4ugYYEUkunPbG6Tb0a-h_EaaerhpTFAJfihmZ6rEd1ebBgO09AtOmtNNR61TCts3zl3efZILYC-UsonaXe-XIea5HQg5MzVb5Ye3iXbc57hDH6p0t99RTVwCVtFasUXVqpxT0Oyx0oAIjD_vrn9-_DpRCKzgEmrEGOddLVypCn_p5H07a3nucJMqBhQ4xHE8bBVIKVHjDLdLH1yQIW2Fh5pFHZPB-6ONI3TFQ68EZnHHf2o9IywK3s_3vrHn8IXFnAEI7xKLHvTzPr7F8f_UGcAbyV6ryMH_Mz9JjE90mlMvEHjFRqnxFxaR9zHv3ETHDYE-jenctA74ec4XX2pxkpFSPOf2bmWqXncoCxkxKz9wA
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08912969909386578
https://blogs.biomedcentral.com/bmcseriesblog/2015/05/20/limbless-triumph-origin-diversification-snakes/

Post your comment

Comments

Be the first to comment






RSS