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What Can You Learn From Ancient Poop?

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Fossilized poop, called coprolites, can reveal surprising secrets about the past.
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Coprolite preservation and analysis:
University of California Museum of Paleontology: http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/paleo/fossils/coprol.html
Daniel Lametti, Slate: http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/explainer/201
Karl Reinhard: http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1043&context=natrespapers
Karen Chin, Paleontological Society Papers, V8 2002: http://www.yale.edu/ypmip/predation/Chapter_02.pdf

For more on the Lloyds Bank turd from York, UK (Viking coprolite):
http://www.bbc.co.uk/ahistoryoftheworld/objects/51Et55R_RuCmabtTgQllzQ http://www.buzzfeed.com/alexkasprak/is-this-the-largest-viking-turd-ever-found
http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2003/jun/06/artsandhumanities.arts1
Review paper about plant and animal remains in ancient york: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/1174/

Coprolites found in Puerto Rico:
Nature News article by Sara Reardon: http://www.nature.com/news/ancient-faeces-reveal-origins-of-puerto-rican-natives-1.15203
Primary research papers: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0106833 and http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0065191

Cangrande della Scalas poison-filled coprolites:
Primary research paper (behind a paywall): http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305440314004580
Discovery news coverage: http://news.discovery.com/history/archaeology/mummy-poo-solves-700-year-old-murder-mystery-150110.htm
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Host, Producer
Anna Rothschild

Writer, Animator, Editor, DP, Sound
Rachel Becker

Many thanks to Dr. Dennis Jenkins, Dr. Karen Chin, Dr. Hendrik Poinar, Dr. Andrew Knoll, and Dr. Ainara Sistiaga.

Menu Ouvrier
Music Provided by APM


Images and Video

Lloydsbankcoprolite 001
Wikimedia Commons/ Linda Spashett Storye book
Stone texture l1
DeviantArt/enframed (Stock-unrestricted)

Cangrande1 (mummy)
Wikimedia Commons/Gino Fornaciairi

Cangrande.portrait
Wikimedia Commons/Frn Brz

spetti di vita quotidiana, vomito,Taccuino Sanitatis (Vomiting man)
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Matricaria recutita (chamomile)
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Morus alba Blanco1 (mulberry)
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain


SFX

Cockroaches
Freesound/StateAardvark
(used with permission from author)

Squeak Pack/squeak_10
Freesound/Corsica_S

Groaning gurgle
SoundsExciting/Public Domain

Short Fart_01
DSISStudios/Public Domain

Pop
Anagar/Public Domain

Squelch
Billox30/Public Domain

Additional adorable sound effects
Rachel Becker

Produced by WGBH for PBS Digital Studios

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