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Why Are Birds Different Colors?

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 Biology   |   Environmental   |   Science
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Description

There are thousands of species of birds and with great numbers come great biodiversity. Birds are among the most colorful animals on the planet so today we're taking a look at how birds use science to employ a wide range of chemical and physical tricks when it comes to feathers.


Writer/Producer:
Kirk Zamieroski

Scientific consultants:
Darcy Gentlman, Ph.D.
Kevin McGraw, Ph.D.

Music:
Roberto Daglio - Com Todo Meu Amor
Pure___natural - Instand Love

Sources:

How many bird species - https://www.amnh.org/about-the-museum/press-center/new-study-doubles-the-estimate-of-bird-species-in-the-world

Bird Colors - https://academy.allaboutbirds.org/how-birds-make-colorful-feathers/

Ultraviolet - https://academic.oup.com/bioscience/article/50/10/854/233996

Parrots - https://www.forbes.com/sites/grrlscientist/2018/07/06/parrots-use-chemistry-and-physics-to-create-brilliantly-colorful-plumage/#4780cfbf75f7

Superblack birds - https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/01/super-black-is-the-new-black/549869/

Ultraviolet puffins - https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2018/04/sharks-puffins-animals-biofluorescence-oceans/

Structural colors ­- https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/5ecf/4a98f2ff3d3fe918143b13d99dad30e7c507.pdf

Carotenoids - https://www.fasebj.org/doi/pdf/10.1096/fasebj.4.12.2394316

Flamingos - https://www.livescience.com/32968-why-are-flamingos-pink.html

Canaries - https://www.biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/early/2015/09/24/027532.full.pdf

Carotenoid metabolism in bird - https://www-fasebj-org.ezproxy1.lib.asu.edu/doi/pdf/10.1096/fasebj.4.12.2394316

Melanins in brids -https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2005.01032.x

Birds eating pigments - https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/for-some-species-you-really-are-what-you-eat-40747423/

Porphyrins - https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/018/01/0012-0021

Structural Coloration - https://www.nature.com/articles/srep18317#ref24

OWL UV source - https://birdtrek.smugmug.com/Animals/Northern-Saw-whet-Owls/i-DmZ8VGF

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