KidzTube
Welcome
Login / Register

Why Did the Mexican Jumping Bean Jump? | Deep Look

Thanks! Share it with your friends!

URL

You disliked this video. Thanks for the feedback!

Sorry, only registred users can create playlists.
URL


Channel: Deep Look
Categories: Biology   |   Environmental   |   Science  
 Find Related Videos  added
65 Views

Description

To find its place in the shade! Each hollowed-out seed is home to a head-banging moth larva, just trying to survive the harsh Sonoran Desert sun.

SUBSCRIBE to Deep Look! http://goo.gl/8NwXqt
Please join our community on Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/deeplook

DEEP LOOK is an ultra-HD (4K) short video series created by KQED San Francisco and presented by PBS Digital Studios. See the unseen at the very edge of our visible world. Explore big scientific mysteries by going incredibly small.
---

Often sold as novelty items and exported worldwide, Mexican jumping beans are actually the seed capsules of a shrub (Sebastiania pavoniana) that have been taken over by the tiny larvae of an attractive grey moth (Cydia saltitans). The moth lays its eggs on the green immature capsule of female flowers in the spring and summer, and the immature larvae bore into the young seed capsules.

The developing seed will be home and food for the larva as it grows. By late summer, the capsules separate into three sections, falling to the ground. The seed capsules with larvae inside them hop around on the ground, to avoid overheating in the harsh sun of the Sonoran Desert. To do this, each larva weaves a silk lining along the seed interior, grabs on with its hind legs, and thrashes its head against the walls. The force topples the seed, as the larva uses its finely-tuned sense of temperature to seek shade.

After spending most of its life shimmying around inside the seed capsule, the larva transforms into a pupa, and eventually into an adult moth. The moth only has a few days to quickly find a mate and lay eggs on another Mexican jumping bean bush before it dies. With luck, the young larvae will hop another day in the shade.

--- Where do Mexican jumping beans come from?
Mexican jumping beans are found primarily in the semi-arid mountainous regions of the Sonoran Desert in northern Mexico. They also occur in the Mexican state of Sinaloa and as far south as Costa Rica.

--- Can the Mexican jumping bean moths survive in other places?
If the adult moth does not find a Sebastiania pavoniana shrub, then it will die without passing on another generation. The moth has co-evolved with the Mexican jumping bean bush and depends on it for survival. So far, the bush and the moth are not endangered, but the supply is not limitless.

--- Are there other kinds of jumping beans in the world?
In the same family, the Tamboti tree in Africa also produces jumping beans, sometimes called African jumping beans. Also, there are other kinds of jumping galls, some of which are inhabited by gall wasps (see our gall wasp episode below).

---+ Find additional resources and a transcript on KQED Science:

https://www.kqed.org/science/1973307/why-did-the-mexican-jumping-bean-jump

---+ More great Deep Look episodes:

What Gall! The Crazy Cribs of Parasitic Wasps
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lOgP5NzcTuA

Why Is The Very Hungry Caterpillar So Dang Hungry?
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=el_lPd2oFV4

---+ Shoutout!

Congratulations to the following 5 fans on our Deep Look Community Tab for correctly answering how the adult jumping bean moth escapes the seed the larva cuts a circular exit door with its mandibles *before* becoming a pupa:

Mr. Fossil
Padmavati Vhanale
Agita
Fabio Franco
Rosy

---+ Thank you to our Top Patreon Supporters ($10+ per month)!

Alex
Burt Humburg
Egg-Roll
Shebastian Reyes
Wild Turkey
Josh Kuroda
Chris B Emrick
Karen Reynolds
dane rosseter
David Deshpande
Daisuke Goto
Nathan Jewsbury
Tianxing Wang
Allison & Maka Masuda
Companion Cube
Joshua Murallon Robertson
Elizabeth Ann Ditz
Kelly Hong
Kevin Judge
Gerardo Alfaro
Robert Amling
Laurel Przybylski
Leonhardt Wille
Sonia Tanlimco
El Samuels
Mary Truland
Shelley Pearson Cranshaw
Supernovabetty
Carrie Mukaida
Sayantan Dasgupta
Aurora
Roberta K Wright
monoirre
Rick Wong
Kristy Freeman
Silvan
Caitlin McDonough
Misia Clive
Carlos Carrasco
Nathan Wright
Levi Cai
Nicolette Ray
Blanca Vides
Titania Juang
Teresa Lavell
Scott Faunce
Cristen Rasmussen
Syniurge
SueEllen McCann
Noreen Herrington
Louis O'Neill
Kallie Moore
Anastasia Grinkevic
Cindy McGill
Aurora Mitchell
Tearra Guice
Adam Kurtz
KW
Laura Sanborn
TierZoo


---+ Follow KQED Science and Deep Look:

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/kqedscience/
Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/kqedscience

---+ About KQED

KQED, an NPR and PBS affiliate in San Francisco, California, serves Northern California and beyond with a public-supported alternative to commercial TV, radio and web media.

Funding for Deep Look is provided in part by PBS Digital Studios. Deep Look is a project of KQED Science, the largest science and environment reporting unit in California. KQED Science is supported by The National Science Foundation, the Dirk and Charlene Kabcenell Foundation, the Vadasz Family Foundation, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Campaign 21 and the members of KQED.

#mexicanjumpingbeans #jumpingbeans #deeplook

Post your comment

Comments

Be the first to comment









RSS