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Why the ISS Will Be Receiving Experiments With Worms and Grape Juice

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Channel: Seeker
Categories: Astronomy   |   Biology   |   Science  
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Northrop Grumman's Antares rocket is getting ready for its next resupply mission to the ISS. In addition to critical cargo, the rocket will send up various science experiments to orbit including worms and grape juice.
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Northop Grumman is a longtime favorite as far as NASA resupply missions go. The company has been supplying its Antares rockets since the early 2010s and will continue to do so until at least 2023. This is mostly because this low cost, two stage, middle class rocket is reliable as heck. And in the last two years installed two newly built RD-181 engines to the first stage of its rocket. Its latest payload capacity is now 8,000 kg, helping to get to Low Earth Orbit with ease.

Antares is rarely ever seen nowadays without the Cygnus spacecraft. This is because its another reliable craft that already delivered more than 30,000 kg of critical cargo to the ISS during its first contract missions. And its first launch of this year is NG-15, and the capsule this time around is named after mathematician Katherine Johnson, a black woman who played a critical role during the early days of human space flight. And the mission will be carrying a load more of exciting experiments.

Back in 2018, the Materials International Space Station Experiment - Flight Facility, also known as MISSE-FF, was permanently installed outside of the station. It doesnt do much, just stands still in different directions for periods of time, BUT is probably one of the most vital ongoing experiments aboard the ISS, and thats because it tests various materials for the harsh environment of space. Were talking literally any kind of material from paints to solar cells. MISSE-FF is actually part of a longer MISSE series, starting back in 2001 and to date, its tested more than 4,000 kinds of materials. Some of which have helped push our understanding of our solar panels. And now theyre sending up phosphor powders and composites that are used for rapid temperature measurement from 0 degrees celsius to 1,200 degrees celsius.

#NASA #space #ISS #Northrop Grumman #Antares #seeker #science #countdowntolaunch

Read More:
New Research Launching to Space Station Aboard Northrop Grummans 15th Resupply Mission
https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/news/ng-15-science-highlights
Strapped inside sleeping bags, astronauts often report getting a better nights sleep during their stays aboard the space station than when lying on a bed on Earth. The ESA (European Space Agency) Dreams experiment will provide a quantitative look at these astronaut sleep reports.

CASIS Unveils Research Announcement in Technology Advancements to Leverage the ISS National Lab
https://www.issnationallab.org/press-releases/nlra-2021-3-technology-advancement/
"The Center for the Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS), manager of the International Space Station (ISS) U.S. National Laboratory, today made public a research announcement soliciting proposals for technology advancements and applied research that would utilize the space-based environment of the orbiting laboratory."

Katherine Johnson: A Lifetime of STEM
https://www.nasa.gov/audience/foreducators/a-lifetime-of-stem.html
It was this inquisitive nature that made her a valuable resource to the team and the only woman at the time to ever be pulled from the computing pool to work on other programs. Then in 1962, President John F. Kennedy charged the country to send a man to the Moon. Johnson became part of the team, and she began to work on calculating the trajectory for Americas first space trip with Alan Shepherds 1961 mission, an early step toward a Moon landing. She went on to do the calculations for the first actual Moon landing in 1969.
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