A phrase is any collection of words that behaves like a part of speech, like a noun phrase (“my brother Stu”), an adjectival phrase (“in a different shade of blue”), or an adverbial phrase (“with elegance and tact”). A clause is any noun phrase plus a verb; they can be sentences, but they don’t always have to be. You’ll see!
Practice this yourself on Khan Academy right now: https://www.khanacademy.org/syntax/e/introduction-to-phrases-and-clauses
Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/grammar/syntax/v/dependent-and-independent-clauses-syntax-khan-academy
Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/grammar/syntax/v/dangling-modifiers-sentences-syntax-khan-academy
Syntax on Khan Academy: Syntax is the ordering of language; it’s the study of how sentences work. In this section, we’ll scratch the surface of syntax as it applies to English grammar. Much more can be said about this subject, but we’ll save that for KA Linguistics.
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